Application of Organic Residues of Different Qualities Affects Available Phosphorus in a Tropical Sandy Soil of Northeast Thailand
Keywords:Available phosphorus, Organic residues of different quality, Tropical sandy soil, Northeast, Thailand
Application of organic residue plays a crucial role in solving problems of tropical sandy soils. One of the major problems derived from tropical sandy soils is low available phosphorus (P). The objectives of this study were (1) to determine soil chemical properties and available P concentration and (2) to determine the relationships between available P and soil chemical properties in a tropical sandy soil influenced by applications of different quality organic residues. This study consisted of 5 treatments including control (CT), groundnut stover (GN), tamarind leaf litter (TM), dipterocarp leaf litter (DP), and rice straw (RS). The results showed that organic residue additions, especially those low in lignin and polyphenols (e.g., RS and GN) help increase available P concentrations. The concentration of available P was positively associated with total P concentration in soil which was derived from the mineralization of organic residues. On the other hand, available P concentration had a negative relationship with concentration of poorly crystalline Al and Fe oxides.
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