Effect of Diatomite on Yield and Nutrient Uptake of Maize Grown in Warin Soil Series

Online First

Authors

  • Nahathai Obklin Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, 10900
  • Somchai Anusontpornperm Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900
  • Suphicha Thanachit Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, 10900
  • Irb Kheoruenromne Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, 10900

Keywords:

diatomite, maize, soil property, coarse-textured soil

Abstract

Coarse-textured soils used for maize cultivation in northeast Thailand have some limitations such as soil compaction, insufficient moisture, and low fertility.  Diatomite (DE) can be used as soil amendment to mitigate these problems.  A field experiment was therefore conducted in a farmer field, Nakhon Ratchasima province to investigate the effect of DE on yield and nutrient uptake of maize in Warin soil series, and the change of some soil properties in postharvest soil.  Experimental design was arranged in Randomized Complete Block (RCB) with four replications.  Treatments comprised four rates of DE: 0, 1.25, 2.5 and 5 t/ha.  Result showed that the application of DE at the rate of 5 t/ha significantly promoted the highest maize seed (7.47 t/ha), stover (5.39 t/ha) and 100-seed dry weight (31.08 g) The addition of DE significantly increased the uptake of N in seed, N and K in stover but had no clear impact in P uptake of maize.  Soil bulk density significantly reduced with increasing rate of DE.  Furthermore, DE application, particularly the rate of 5 t/ha, also significantly resulted in the increase of total N, available P and K over the control in postharvest soil.  This demonstrated that DE can be used to amend coarse-texture soils in order to augment maize yield and also improve some soil properties.

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Published

2023-01-20

How to Cite

Obklin, N., Anusontpornperm, S., Thanachit, S., & Kheoruenromne, I. (2023). Effect of Diatomite on Yield and Nutrient Uptake of Maize Grown in Warin Soil Series: Online First. Songklanakarin Journal of Plant Science, 10(1), xx-xx. Retrieved from https://www.sjplantscience.com/index.php/ojs/article/view/52

Issue

Section

08-Soil Management & Plant Nutrients